Polished Concrete is one of the best discoveries in the last 25 years in the decorative concrete flooring industry! One can easily SEE WHY - polished concrete floors are natural, beautiful, hypoallergenic, low-maintenance, & can be colored, ground, honed or polished, producing custom attractive looks for any setting.
Polished Concrete is a multi-step process where a concrete floor can either be mechanically ground, honed and polished with metal, ceramic, and resin-bonded diamond abrasives in order to cut, refine and polish a concrete floor’s surface. Inspired by natural stone polishing which began in Italy at the turn of the last century (believe it or not), polished concrete floors have revolutionized the flooring industry making the most out of a surface we used to tragically cover up...CONCRETE!
We classify polished concrete floors by 4 classes of concrete, or aggregate exposure, and 4 different levels of sheen, or gloss appearance. Many hybrid systems and unique approaches are made based on concrete hardness, density, current conditions and appearances. In Texas, we find many different concrete conditions, however it’s very rare that a concrete slab can’t be honed or polished out. If that's the case, then a self-leveling cement or polishable concrete topping can be poured to achieve a custom diamond polished concrete floor.
(to learn more about concrete, its makeup, uses, & importance today, see link below)
https://www.concrete.org (ACI American Concrete Institute)
(for more info on polished concrete, see links below)
Polished Concrete Specifications | ASSC (American Society of Concrete Contractors)
Polished Concrete with Large Aggregate
LinkedIn Article by FloorRescue
cream polished concrete floors with little to no sand
some cream removed, finer sands exposed
some grinding exposing small to medium to large aggregates
polished concrete floors with consistent large aggregate exposure throughout
polished concrete floors with stains, dyes or color
polished concrete floor toppings + self-leveling cements
Through mechanical grinding, honing and concrete polishing with the addition of densifiers & hardeners, your polished concrete floors become durable, tough, and resilient increasing abrasion resistance & the hardness of your concrete floor by 40%.
*If you haven't noticed, concrete actually erodes outside quicker and wears down faster in interiors than people think when left untreated. It does walk off and will increasingly becomes a worser problem.
Polished Concrete won't trap allergens, dust mites, mold, mildew, bacteria or moisture. This means that none of these will be present in your polished concrete floors keeping homes and facilities safe for your team members, families, and loved ones.
LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) points earned because polished concrete floors contains NO VOC's (Volatile Organic Compounds), making it beneficial for LEED projects. No landfill waste with disposable materials such as old, damaged or contaminated flooring, making restoring (diamond polishing) old concrete and preserving new concrete a part of a more sustainable building.
Polished Concrete, with so many decorative options, can take on the look of beautiful stone, terrazzo (aggregate exposure), modern styles, and vibrant color options adding beauty and class to any space or setting.
One of the lowest life cycle costs of any flooring choice today. Restorations of polished concrete are minimal in costs as compared to the initial installation.
Meets or exceeds OSHA slip-coefficient standards (ASTM C 1028) or Coefficient of Friction (COF) for concrete floors
Easy to maintain, polished concrete floors when installed by our industry's standards, have simple, low-cost maintenance procedures preserving the look and performance of polished concrete flooring.
Tightened and sealed off through the concrete polishing process, the natural breathing methods of the slab are now controlled and modified to prevent dusting from efflorescence or hydrostatic pressure coming up through the concrete causing unwanted problems. Unfortunately, there are exceptions to the rule, when there extreme moisture situations due to acts of God, nature, or poor construction under the slab.
Polishing Concrete is a highly skilled and technical installation. It takes years to become a qualified or certified installer, one who reads concrete conditions well and adjusts according to the surface needs of any project while maintaining install integrity & quality craftsmanship! Here, at FloorRescue, that will always be our AIM! We treat each concrete slab or surface uniquely & respectively, knowing concrete has limitations, defects & specific challenges accompanied from its organic make up and the nature of remodeling & construction.
Any polished concrete or decorative concrete project is ALWAYS approached from two main influences:
1. Current Concrete Conditions already in place
2. What we want our Floors to look like, resemble, & how they need to perform
ALL CONCRETE IS NOT THE SAME!!
In the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex and throughout Texas, we see many variables with concrete such as hardness, density, varying degrees of color or shades, aggregates, etc contributing to the overall look and feel of any concrete polishing project. Today, polished concrete can be colored, stained, or dyed as well. We have integral color options for newly placed concrete & cement toppings, too, which offer custom aggregate blends, color, glass, and more.
Repairs can be color matched, joints filled, cracks disguised, and pinholes can be grout coated to name a few modern methods of making a polished concrete project turn out beautiful. Details define a beautiful polished concrete floor every time.
As is just about anything, beauty is in the eye of the beholder. We are simply guides, here to serve you and walk you through the process protecting you (by our experience) and leading you (by our care).
Concrete Polishing to the Rescue | read the story of this amazing transformation (Concrete Network)
800 grit | gloss sheen
1500 grit | high gloss sheen
3000 grit | extreme gloss sheen
One of the great beauties of polishing concrete is the differences. We define polished concrete by both aggregate exposure (seen below) and sheen levels (seen above). Sheen levels are gloss, high gloss and extreme gloss. Anything below a gloss finish is defined as a honed concrete floor, here at FloorRescue (in order to make distinction - see diagram). As the term polished, by nature, refers to shine, we break down shine or sheen levels to meet everyone's design need. Also, just because its shiny, doesn't mean its slippery either. Slippery floors have everything to do with the top finish not just the appearance. However, just about any floor with puddles on it will be slippery. Penetrating sealers and polished concrete guards meet all slip resistant ratings of today's market standards to keep everyone safe.
polished concrete floors at 1500 grit
high gloss guard finish
BioWorld in Irving, TX
Examples of floors with different levels of aggregate exposure. As you can see concrete also takes on many natural looks (none of the floors above were stain or dyed). They are all the natural cement color throughout the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex in Texas.
Exposed Aggregate Chart Another Angle
Aggregate Exposure Classification
Class A : cream finish
Class B : salt & pepper
Class C : sm-med aggregate
Class D : large aggregate